Open Conference Systems, INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY CONFERENCE (IMC 2017) PROGRAM

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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND STRESS BIOMARKERS AMONG LECTURERS AT UNIVERSITI SELANGOR, SHAH ALAM
Noormaliza Hamdan, Najibah Endut, Fauzana Mustaffa, Azizah Ahmad, Nukhdiha Omar

Last modified: 2017-01-02

Abstract


Occupational stress is a worldwide serious risk factor to the worker’s physical and mental condition, which triggers the workers to be poorly motivated and less productive. The objective of the study is to determine the association between occupational stress and stress biomarkers level among lecturers in Universiti Selangor. This cross-sectional study used a purposive sampling, which involved 45 lecturers from various faculties. The instrument used in this study was Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) which is a Psychosocial Job Assessment Instrument designed by Karasek et al., (1998). The questionnaire had been translated to Malay version by Edimansyah et al., (2006). 10ml of blood sample was collected from each respondent by certified phlebotomist. Results from the statistical analysis showed that occupational stress prevalence is 24.4%.  54.5% of male respondents in high strain condition compare to female respondents which is 14.7%. There was significant association between occupational stress prevalence with gender (p=0.008) and no significant association with marital status (p=0.535). While there was no significant association between occupational stress prevalence with age, number of children, working duration, educational level and designation of work. The study also revealed significant difference mean of lymphocytes between high strain and non-high strain respondents (p=0.015). In addition, the test indicated there is no significant difference mean of cortisol, C-reactive protein, total white blood cell, neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and basophils. As a conclusion, the study identified only gender and lymphocyte reaction has significant effect on occupational stress.

 


Keywords


occupational stress, white blood cell, neutrophils, lymphocytes

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